WORLD HISTORY
MOON LANDING July 1969
WORLD CLOCK
NOTE PAGE EXAMPLE INSIDE
NOTE PAGE EXAMPLE OUTSIDE
MORT WORK

STUDENT-EXPECTATIONS
Mr. Realini's Objectives for each Section
Chapter 1
Section One

1. Identify the contributions of Romans to Art, literature, science, and engineering
2. Identify the contributions of the Greeks to Art, literature, science, and engineering
3. Describe the daily life in Rome and the differences between the rich and poor.

Chapter One
Section Two

1. Explain how poor leadership, a declining economy, and the attacks by the Germanic tribes helped weaken the Roman Empire
2. Discuss how invasions throughout the empire led to the fall of Rome
3. Identify the contributions of Rome in areas such as government, law, language, and the arts.

Chapter One
Section Three

1. Explain why the Eastern Roman Empire grew while the Western Roman Empire fell.
2. Identify the reforms made by Justin and Theodora that helped strengthen the Byzantine Empire.
3. Describe how Roman, Greek, and Christian ideas contributed to the Byzantine Empire.

MORT
WORK

1. Skim through Chapter One. Look at the pictures and charts. Describe what you think this chapter will tell you about ancient Greece and Rome?

2. Describe a sport that draws large crowds today. What is the purpose of that sport? What does it do for society?

3. What is a great leader? What makes a Great Leader? Was Augustus a Great Leader?

4. Why did Romans worship the same Gods as the Greeks?

5. What do you go to school for? What do you want to learn?

6. What was the biggest factor in the Fall or Failure of the Western Roman Empire?

7. How might studying Roman history help us understand policies and pratices in the United States of America today?

8. How did geography influence Byzantine trade?

9. What were the consequences of Justinian's wars in Italy, North Africa, and Persia?

Chapter 2
Section One

1. Explain how the environment of Arabia helped shape the Arab way of life.
2. Describe how Muhammad brought Islam to the people of Arabia.
3. Discuss how the Ouran provided guidelines for Muslim's lives and the governments of Muslim states.

Chapter 2
Section Two

1. Describe how Arabs spread Islam to different parts of the world.
2. Discuss the reasons for the split of Muslims into two different groups.
3. Explain how the Turks and Muslims established Muslim Empires.

Chapter 2
Section Three

1. Explain the importance of trade on the growth of Muslim cities.
2. Describe the achievements made by Muslims in the fields of math, science, and the arts.

MORT
(LEXY)
WORK

1. How would you describe American culuture? (First describe "culture.")

2. How does a lack of rainfall shape your life?

3. Describe one of the Pillars of Islam. How would it affect your life?

4. How did Muhammad influence Arabia?

5. Besides conquests by Arab armies, how was Islam spread?

6. What is the difference between Shiite and Sunni Muslims?

7. Use "crier", "minaret", "bazaar", and "mosque" to write a short summary of Chapter Two.

8. Which Muslim contribution do you think had the greatest effect on later civilizations?

Chapter 3
Section One

1. Describe Africa's varied landscapes.
2. Explain how West African empires grew rich from trade.
3. Discuss how Africa's rain forests protected it from invaders and provided resources.
4. Explain how the East African Kingdoms became the centers for trade and ideas.

Chapter 3
Section Two

1. Explain how traditional African religions provided a guide for living together.
2. Identify the role of Islam in Medieval Africa.
3. Explain how the growth of West African empires led to the growth of governments ruled by Kings.

Chapter 3
Section Three

1. Identify the common traits of African societies.
2. Explain how the African slave trade changed when Muslims and Europeans began taking captives from the continents.
3. Describe how enslaved Africans developed cultures that influenced cultures today.

LEXY
WORK

1. Make a plan for a major catastrophe. What is your family survival plan?

Chapter 4
Section One

1. Explain how the Sui and Tang Dynasties rebuilt China's empire.
2. Discuss why Buddhism became popular and spread
3. Describe the ideas of Confucious and the new class of scholar-officials.

Chapter 4
Section Two

1. Describe farming and trade during the Tang Dynasty.
2. Explain how and why the Chinese developed new technologies.
3. Discuss art and literature of the Tang and Song dynasties.

Chapter 4
Section Three

1. Explain how Genghis Khan and his sons built the Mongol Empire.
2. Describe how the Mongols conquered China and traded with the rest of Asia.

Chapter 4
Section Four

1. Describe how Ming rulers made China stronger, wealthier, and more peaceful.
2. Explain why China sent a fleet to explore Asia and East Africa.

LEXY
WORK

1. What did you learn about the HAN dynasty in the 6th Grade?
2. What test and qualifications does a middle school teacher need to teach?
3. What happened in China as a result of not having a centraized government?
4. What policies created by the Tang Dynasty helped organize China?
5. Write a letter, as an advisor, to Emperor Yang Di urging him to build the Grand Canal.
6. Which Chinese invention was the most important to their society?
7. How did the new kinds of rice developed in China help its population grow?
8. What elements must a poem include for you to like it?

Chapter 5
Section One

1 - Explain how Japan's geography isolated Japan and shaped its society.
2 - Relate how northeast Asians settled Japan.
3 - Discuss Japan's first constitution.
4 - Describe the Japanese religion called Shinto.

Chapter 5
Section Two

1 - Explain the changes in Japan during the A.D. 700's
2 - Explain how military leaders gained control of Japan
3 - Describe rule under the daimyo

Chapter 5
Section Three

1 - Discuss how religion shaped Japanese culture
2 - Describe how Japanese men prospered while women lived restricted lives

MORT
WORK

1. - What do you want to accomplish in the next 30 days?
2. - What are the disadvantages of "geographic isolation"?
3. - Explain how to explain, describe how to relate, explain how to describe, and how do you discuss in writing?
4. - Draw your family tree; include second & third cousins.
5. - How did Shotoku strengthen Japan's government?
6. -
BIIDEA! How did the Japanese use their surroundings to survive?
7. - Read the "Bushido Code" on p306 & "The Way It Was" on p307; then how Samarai & Bushido are related.
8. - Describe the events that led to to the growth of Buddhism in Japan. (Make a timeline)
9. - What is a Daimyo? Who would be a Daimyo in the U.S.A.?
10.- Why were shoguns unable to regain control of Japan after the Onin War?
11.- Read Taniko, Haiku, and the Tale of Genji on p316-317, then answer the DBQ's on p317
12.- Describe the role of women in Japanese society?

The LAST SAMURAI
Chapter 6
Section One

1. Explain how geography influenced medieval Europeans

2. Describe how Franks, Angles, and Saxons defended their societies

3. Explain how Christianity spread through Western Europe

Chapter 6
Section Two

1. Describe the development of Feudalism

2. Compare the life of the knights and nobles with that of the peasants in feudal Europe

3. Explain the role of trade in the rise of the guilds and cities

Chapter 6
Section Three

1. Explain why the English wanted a Parliment to limit the King's power

2. Explain how the Capetians gained power and set-up Frances first parliment

3. Discuss why the rulers of Moscow were able to build a new Russian state after the Mongol Invasion

4. Describe how Crusaders captured Jerusalem and were later driven out

Chapter 6
Section Four

1. Describe how the Church used its power in medieval Europe to uphold its teachings.

2. Discuss how leaders in medieval Europe supported learning and the arts.

Chapter 6
Section Five

1. Describe how the BLACK DEATH spread through Europe in the 1300's.

2. Explain how war devastated Europe in the 1300's and 1400's

MORT
WORK

1. Why are the Middle Ages referred to as the "Dark Ages"?
2. Why do you think VIKINGS robbed churches rather than castles?
3. What is "excommunication" and how does it work?
4. If you were asked to interview Henry IV what four questions would you ask him?
5. Describe the process blacksmiths used with a hammer and tongs. Bellows, anvil, water, etc.
6. Explain the difference in routes between the 2nd and 3rd Crusades.
7. Do you think Feudalism helped or hurt Western Europe's development?
8. How did the trade routes established by the Crusades affect the spread of the BLACK DEATH?

THE PILLARS OF EARTH
Chapter 7
Section One

1. Explain why the Renaissance began in the Italian city-states.
2. Describe the strong rulers of Italy's city-states.
3. Describe the difference between medieval nobles and the nobles of Italian city-states.

Chapter 7
Section 2

1. Explain how Greek and Roman ideas influenced the thinking of humanists.
2. Descibe how the printing press helped spread works written in the vernacular

Chapter 7
Section 3

1. Explain how Renaissance artists made their paintings and sculpture emotional and realistic. Why did they want to do this?
2. Describe how Renaissance ideas spread from Italy to northern Europe.

MORT
WORK

1. What should a movie about the Renaissance include?
2. List the advantages and disadvantages of city-states.
3. Why was Johannes Gutenberg's invention of the Printing Press important?
4. What were some of Leonardo da Vinci's inventions?
5. Why did many works of Renaissance art have religious themes?
6. Make a list of 10 adjectives that describe Renaissance art?

THE AGONY AND THE ECSTASY
Chapter 8
Section 1

1. Explain how the reforms of Martin Luther led to the creation of new Christian churches.
2. Explain why political leaders often supported Protestanism.

Chapter 8
Section 2

1. Describe the spread of John Calvin's teachings across Europe and into North America.
2. Explain why Henry VIII created the Anglican Church

Chapter 8
Section 3

1. Describe the religious wars fought by Catholics and Protestants across Europe.
2. Explain why the power of kings increased during the Reformation and Counter-Reformation and why Catholic kingdoms sent missionaries overseas.

MORT
WORK

1. What would you like to change about our school? How would you go about making those changes?
2. Explain what the words "holy" and "unholy" mean? What is "sacred" and what is "profane"?
3. What, if anything, would cause you to give up a modern lifestyle?
4. Was the 30 Years War a Civil war or a World War. Cite evidence from the text. 5. Draw a chart describing the SIMILARITIES and DIFFERENCES between Mary I and Henry VIII.
6.How did the religious wars effect Europe?
7. Explain the Chart for C8 S3.

A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS
Chapter 9
Section 1

1. Explain how people came to the Americas during the Ice Age
2. Describe how farming began in MesoAmerica
3. Describe Farming and Trade in the first civilizations in America

Chapter 9
Section 2

1. Explain why the Maya settled in MesoAmerica's rainforest.
2. Describe how the Maya developed a society and culture based on their religion.
3. Describe the Aztec move intothe Valley of Mexico and how they created their Empire?
4. Describe the government and society of the Inca.

Chapter 9
Section 3

1. Explain how the Spanish defeated the Aztec with horses, guns, and European diseases.
2. Describe the riches of the Aztec Empire
3. Explain why the riches of the Aztec Empire led other Conquistadors to South America

MORT
WORK

1. Do you think it is possible for a society to be classless? Why or Why not?
2. Read INCAN WEALTH on page 479. What does this story tell you about the wealth and power of the Incan Empire?
3. Why were the conquistadors sent to the Americas?

APOCALPYTO

Chapter 10
Section 1

1. Explain how trade, technology, and the rise of powerful kingdoms led to a new era of exploration.
2. Explain why the Portuguese explored Africa, while the Spanish, English, and French explored the Americas.

Chapter 10
Section 2

1. Describe the Spanish and Portugeuse empires in the Americas.
2. Explain why Europeans chose to set-up colonies and joint-stock companies.

Chapter 10
Section 3

1. Explain how the Age of Exploration and Trade led to a world wide exchange of products, people, and ideas.
2. Describe the problems the World Wide Exchange created.

LEXY

WORK

1. What makes a product have value?
2. What contributed to European knowledge beyond the Mediterranean and Europe?
3. What was the purpose of exploration?
4. How did the Portuguese gain control of Southern Asis' trade?
5. What is MERCANTILISM?
6. What does Stannard (p501) mean when he compares Columbus' discovery of Hispaniola to Hiroshima?
7. What happened as a result of sugar plantations in the Carribean?

Chapter 11
Section 1

1. Explain how thinkers in the ancient world passed on their knowledge to latere civilizations.
2. Describe why interest in astronomy led to new discoveries and ideas about the universe and Earth.
3. Explain why the Scientific Revolution led to new discoveries in physics, mediciene, and chemistry.
4. Describe how Europeans of the 16th & 17th Centuries developed new ideas about society BASED ON REASON.

Chapter 11
Section 2

1. Describe how many Europeans thought REASON could be used to make society and government better.
2. Explain why the ENLIGHTENMENT was centered in France.

Chapter 11
Section 3

1. Describe how many European monarchs tried to model their countries using ENLIGHTENMENT ideas.
2. Explain why American and French people staged revolutions based on ENLIGHTENMENT ideas.
3. Describe how the ideas of the ENLIGHTENMENT continue to influence the world today.

MORT
WORK

1. What might society be like without any laws or government?

SLIDES/CHARTS
CIVILIZATION SCIENTIFIC METHOD PROJECT

awesome history website

Mr. James P. Realini
(408) 522-8288 EXT 509
James.Realini@sesd.org