CHAPTER TWO SECTION 3 & FOUR

 

1.Describe the ways colonists reacted to British government actions.

ANSWER:

3-The colonists reacted in several ways.At first they ignored the action by simply smuggling.When the Stamp Act was passed, they boycotted the goods and then met in the Stamp Act Congress to demand the Act be repealed and it was.When the British passed the Tea Act the colonists in Boston took action by destroying the tea in what became known as the Boston Tea Party.Eventually, the colonists met at the First Continental Congress and decided to form their own militias to be ready if fighting broke out.

4-After getting away with smuggling for so long the colonists were not happy with the British suddenly imposing taxes without representation in Parliament.They believed their rights as English citizens as described in the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights were being abused.

 

 

2.Describe the FIRST meeting of the Continental Congress.

ANSWER:

3-The first meeting of the Continental Congress took place in 1774.56 men represented the colonies.They wanted to represent American interests and challenge British control.Most important about the meeting was that they realized that they needed to work together.They agreed to boycott British products and not ship colonial products to Britain.The Congress also passed a resolution deciding to form militias in the colonies in case fighting broke out.

4-The Continental Congress took steps to limit British control of the colonies and was preparing to fight for their rights.

 

 

 

#3Explain why the American Revolution broke out.You may choose to draw a time line

ANSWER:

3-The colonists were British citizens who felt their rights were being abused.Beginning with the Proclamation of 1763 the British government sought to assert its control of the colonies by limiting their borders.A series of taxes caused the colonists to resist because they did not have representation in Parliament.When the colonists protested the taxes they were rejected.With each new tax or act passed, the British tried to tighten their control of the colonists.The colonists saw this tyranny and came together to act together to limit British control.The British considered this rebellious and the colonists formed militias to protect themselves.When the British used force to get rid of the militias, the colonists fought back at Lexington and Concord.Finally they defeated a British Army in Boston at Breedís Hill and were fully in revolt against the British Government.

REVOLT
2ND CONTINENTAL

CONGRESS

CONTINELTAL ARMY

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

 

BOSTON TEA PARTY

INTOLERABLE ACTS

1774

CONTINENTAL

CONGRESS

 

PROCLAMATION OF 1763

 

LIMIT COLNIES
TERRITORY

 

 

LEXINGTON

CONCORD

BREEDS HILL

1775

 

BOSTON
MASSACRE

1770

COLONIES

OUTRAGED

 

STAMP ACT

1765

STAMP ACT

CONGRESS

REPEALED

 
4-

NAVIGATION ACTS

1650

SMUGGLING

 
 

 

 

 

 

 


 


4Describe how colonial leaders planned their resistance

ANSWER:

3-The leaders used boycotts, petitions, and formed militia units in case of fighting.They tried to legally protest British abuses of their rights.When they realized that the British Government was not going to listen to them and would continue to abuse their rights; they prepared to fight in New England by stockpiling weapons and ammunition and conducting frequent training sessions.

4-The leaders also set up a spy system to keep track of British movements.

 

 

5.Outline the ideas behind the Declaration of Independence.

ANSWER:

3-Magna Carta††††† English Bill of Rights

††††††††† Government is limited

††††††††† Rulers had to obey laws and be fair

Locke (Natural Rights)

People form governments to protect their rights

Governments that interfere can rightfully be overthrown

All are equal

Right to pursue happiness, liberty, life is unalienable/irrevocable

4-Signers pledged to each other their lives, their fortunes, and their honor.

 

 

#6.Identify how American Forces won the Revolutionary War

ANSWER:

3-They fought on their own land.The British had to bring troops & supplies from far away.The British occupied cities but could not control the country side.Other nationís helped.Most importantly, the peopleís spirit did not depend on any one battle, they never quit.

4-The Patriots used guerilla warfare to interfere with the British military.The Continental Army under George Washington was never eliminated and Congress was never captured.The French provided soldiers, a fleet, and money.Several European Officers volunteered to come to America and help.Washington defeated the British at Yorktown by using General Greeneís guerilla warfare to force General Cornwallis to retreat to Yorktown.At Yorktown, the French Fleet kept the British Fleet from rescuing Cornwallis while the combined Continental and French Army surrounded Cornwallis and forced him to surrender.