CHAPTER FIVE TEST

1.  List five (5) different actions that George Washington and Congress took to launch the first government... Explain what they did for our country.                                                                                                                                                           Action (2)                                                                                                                     Why (4)

ACTION

WHY IMPORTANT

GW Named Cabinet Heads

Jefferson, Hamilton, Knox, Randolph

Congress created Executive Departments

State, Treasury, War, Attorney General

Created the Presidents Cabinet and Established offices for the Executive Branch

Allowed President to begin administration under Article I & II of Constitution.

GW appointed Jay Supreme Court Justice

Congress creates Judiciary with Judiciary Act of 1789

Completed head of each branch of government

Completed Article III of the Constitution by establishing Judicial Branch

Congress approves Debt Plan

a. National Excise Taxes

b Tariffs

Congress establishes Bank of the US

By assuming National Debt, States were made financially solvent.

 

Place to hold money and begin loans

Congress approves Bill of Rights

Guarantee of individual rights promised by Constitution
and Federalists (during Ratification debate)

Congress chooses site of National Capital.

District of Columbia

Completes compromise over agreement to establish BUS

Established NEW location for NEW nation.

 

#2- List three principles of the ENTIRE Bill of Rights.                                                                                                                                                         (3)

The right to be protected from Unfair actions of the Government and to have EQUAL Treatment under the law

Speedy Trial, Secure and Safe from seizures and searches, prevent cruel and unusual punishment

Voting, Due Process

To have basic freedoms

Speech, assembly, petition, religion, press

Protect the rights of STATES

X Amendment, powers not given to the Federal Government are reserved to the States or the people.

 

#4- What caused the Whiskey Rebellion and what did the President of the United States do?                                                                                                                                                         (4)

CAUSE

DESCRIBE THE WHISKEY REBELLION

EFFECTS

Congress imposes an EXCISE Tax  on Whiskey

The EXCISE Tax  was supposed to raise REVENUE for the Federal Government to pay off debts.

Farmers resisted until Government Tax Collectors showed up.

The protest turned violent and they began harming tax collectors and burning government buildings

Washington led an Army of 15,000 into Western Pennsylvania to stop the violence and enforce the law.

Washington pardoned the rebels.

People realize that government will enforce laws passed by Congress.

First use of pardon power.

Washington uses “militia” Army called up by Congress

 


 

#5- Describe the struggle with Native Americans over present-day Ohio?  What were the significant events and the final outcome?                                                                                                                                                         (4)

Since the Treaty of 1783, native Americans in the Ohio River valley south of Lake Erie insisted that the US Government had no authority over them.  Encouraged and armed by the British and Spanish, natives battled over the land, killing hundreds of people.  Settlers and their representatives demand the government to provide for their “common defense”.  In 1791, George Washington sent General Arthur St. Claire to restore order.  His army was defeated by Little Turtle of the Miami tribe north of the Wabash River.  600 soldiers were killed.  The natives demanded that all settlers north of the Ohio River withdraw. Washington then sent General Anthony Wayne and another army to challenge their demands.  In August 1794, General Wayne defeated 1,000 natives under Shawnee leader Blue Jacket at the battle of Fallen Timbers   Then the natives signed the TREATY OF GREENVILLE and agreed to surrender most of their land in present-day Ohio.

#6- Explain why George wanted to remain neutral in foreign relations.                                                                                                                                                         (4)

Washington wanted to keep the USA out of any war with France or England.  He proclaimed neutrality in an effort to keep both countries from breaking off trade with the USA.

 

 

#7- Describe Jay’s Treaty with England and Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain.  Describe the results of these treaties.

                                                                                                                                                         Treaty (3)   Results (4)

JAY’S TREATY

British agreed to evacuate occupied forts on American soil.

British agreed to allow some US Ships to trade in the Caribbean

British agreed to pay for ships they had seized.

British agreed to stop impressment

PINCKNEY’S TREATY

To prevent war with Spain who thought we would ally with Britain against Spanish territory in North America, the Spanish agreed to allow the US free navigation of the Mississippi River and the right to trade in the city of New Orleans.

 

#8- Name the first two political parties.  Describe their views on the role of the federal government, the economy, and Foreign Affairs
.                                                                                                                                                         Name (2)                                                                                                                                                         Views (4-5)

The ____FEDERALIST___Party

Federal Government

Desired a strong central government
Distrusted democracy

Favored aristocracy/oligarchy

Feared “mob rule”

Favored a “loose” interpretation of the Constitution

 

The _______DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS____Party

Federal Government

Trusted the rule/WILL of the people

Believed in STRONG State governments

Distrusted Federal Power

Favored a “strict” interpretation of the Constitution

Economy

Emphasis on Manufacturing

Supported National Bank

Protective Tariffs

Economy

Emphasis on Agriculture

Wanted State Banks

Free Trade

Foreign Affairs

Favored Britain

Undeclared war with France

Foreign Affairs

Favored France

Supported the French Revolution