CHAPTER SIX rubric
1. A. Describe
how Thomas Jefferson became President.
B. After his election, why was the Twelfth Amendment added to the
A The election was deadlocked (a tie) in the Electoral
College between Jefferson & Burr. They both
received 73 votes. The House of
Representatives then voted 34 time to elect a President. States received one vote only. Jefferson received 7 votes and Burr Received
7 votes with Delaware
voting for Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton
finally asked Delaware to vote for Jefferson because he
despised Burr. Jefferson then was inaugurated as President.
The Twelfth Amendment changed the Electoral Process. Separate
Ballots for President and Vice-President were held.
2. OUTLINE the
goals Jefferson set in his inauguration
address of 1801.
wanted a wise and frugal government.
believed that less laws and less bills would allow people “laissez faire” or
let them do as they choose.
wanted to support state governments in all there rights.
wanted to reduce the size and power of the federal government.
believed a large central government threatened individual liberty and that the
states could best protect freedom.
Describe the Marbury vs Madison
decision and the three principles of JUDICIAL REVIEW.
1. President Adams
appoints judges [sympathetic to Federalism] on
his last night as President, March 3rd 1801
2. Leaves them on his
Secretary of State’s Desk: John Marshall
3. President Jefferson
tells James Madison Secretary of State NOT to deliver the Commissions
4. Jefferson appoints John Marshall Chief
5. William Marbury
sues US Government to force delivery of commissions
6. John Marshall
determines that Court did not have Jurisdiction to decide Marbury’s Case.
Constitution is the Supreme Law of the
Article III, Constitution
When there is a conflict with any law the
Constitution must be followed
Supreme Court has the right/duty to review
any action or law to determine if it violates the constitution
The Judicial branch has a duty to uphold
The Supreme Court (only) can nullify a law
#4-Explain HOW Jefferson’s Administration LEGALLY
purchased the Louisiana
determined that his TREATY Making powers under Article II of the Constitution
allowed him to purchase land from other countries.
Senate approved the purchase as a Treaty.
The Treaty/Purchase acquired a vast amount
of cheap fertile farm land; established control of The Mississippi, The Ohio,
The Missouri, The Tennessee, and The Cumberland River; and gained control of
New Orleans, the Gateway to the Atlantic
#5-QUESTION: Describe Lewis and Clarks
Expedition. How long? Where? What did they do?
#5-ANSWER: Thomas Jefferson
selected Meriweather Lewis, who then selected William
Clark to set up a Corps of Discovery to explore the newly acquired territory. From May 1804 to September 1806 the Corps of
Discovery explored the Missouri River into the Rocky
Mountains. Along the way, the encountered many Native peoples and acquired a guide, Sacajewea,
from the ManDan Tribe. After crossing
the Rocky Mountains, they followed the Columbia River to the Pacific Ocean near present day Astoria, Oregon where they spent a second winter at Fort
Clatsop. They discovered many new species of plants
and animals, prepared accurate maps, established contact with many new peoples in the territory, and they came back and
reported on what they had found.
early American achievements in the following areas:
Artists (painters) turned their interest to people and landscapes
George Caitlin painted daily native life
Thomas Doughty led the Hudson River School that painted views of the Hudson River
and Catskill Mountains
Schooling was thought to be important
Mass & Philadelphia began public school systems
In-home & “dame” schools became numerous
NW Ordinance of 1787 provided for schools
2nd Great Awakening
Inspired movements to curb drinking, end slavery, and advance
Independent Baptist Churches
first African Methodist Episcopal Church
Turned away from European influence
wrote about rural NY
Sketch Book, Rip Van Winkle, Legend of Sleepy Hollow
James Fennimore Cooper, Last of the Mohicans, The Deerslayer
Wm C Bryant, Thanatopsis poem that tried to
understand life & death by studying nature
Banjos & pianos
Musicals in barns, tents, or cabins
Stephen C Foster combined African & European music to create unique
American melodies My Old Kentucky Home, Swanee River
Greek & Roman styles were used for public buildings
Greek Revival style used for plantations in the south
Monticello [Jefferson’s home] and the University of Virginia used classical styles.