CHAPTER THREE

1.  Complete this chart about the ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

STRENGTHS
WEAKNESSES
COULD CONDUCT FOREIGN POLICY

 

NEEDED NINE STATES TO PASS LAWS
ISSUE CURRENCY

 

CONSENT OF ALL STATES TO CHANGE THE ARTICLES
BORROW MONEY

 

COULD NOT REGULATE TRADE
MAINTAIN ARMED FORCES

 

COULD NOT FORCE SOLDIERS TO JOIN ARMY
 

 

COULD NOT IMPOSE TAXES

 

2.  Describe the role each individual played in creating the new plan of government.

Edmund Randolph

 

INTRODUCED THE VIRGINIA PLAN, WHICH CALLED FOR AN EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT

 

 

James Madison

 

PUT FORTH THE BASIC IDEAS IN THE VIRGINIA PLAN, WHICH CALLED FOR THREE EQUAL BRANCHES OF THE GOVERNMENT

 

WROTE THE CONSTITUTION AND CONTRIBUTED TO THE FEDERALIST PAPERS

 

Roger Sherman

 

PROPOSED THE GREAT COMPROMISE/CONNETICUTT COMPROMISE WHICH ALLOWED FOR EQUAL REPRESENTATION OF STATES IN THE SENATE AND PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION OF PEOPLE IN THE HOUSE

 

 

 

Daniel Shays

 

LED A REVOLT OVER UNFAIR TREATMENT OF VETERANS TAXATION. THIS REVOLT REVEALED THE INEFFECTIVENESS OF THE GOVERNMENT UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

 

 

 

#3  Identify arguments for and against ratifying the Constitution

Arguments for
Arguments against

 

STRONG NATIONAL (CENTRAL) GOVERNMENT TO PROVIDE ORDER AND COOPERATION BETWEEN THE STATES

 

 

HOW WOULD INDEPENDENT STATE GOVERNMENTS BE ABLE TO ASSERT THEIR AUTHORITY IF THEY WERE IN OPOOSITION TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

 

PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION SO THAT POWER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WAS DERIVED OR CAME FROM THE PEOPLE

 

 

EQUAL REPRESENTATION FROM EACH STATE WAS MORE IMPORTANT THAN THE PEOPLES VOICE. THE PEOPLE WOULD BE REPRESENTED THROUGH THERIR STATES

 

 

 

 

NO GUARANTEE OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

 


4  Identify the checks and balances in the Constitution for each branch of power and provide an example

 
President
Congress
Supreme Court
President

 

CAN

 

VETO

CAN

 

APPOINT JUSTICES

 

 

EXPLAIN

 

EXPLAIN

 

FORCE GREATER APPROVAL OF CONGRESS FOR A LAW

EXPLAIN

 

THE VALUES AND DECISIONS OF THE JUDGES WOULD HAVE A LONGER LASTING AFFECT ON OUR SYSTEM

 

 

Congress

CAN

 

OVER RIDE A VETO

 

CAN

 

ORGANIZE COURTS

APPROVE JUDGES

 

EXPLAIN

EXPLAIN

 

2/3 MAJORITY CAN MAKE THE PRESIDENT EXECUTE A LAW SO THAT THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE IS EXECUTED

 

EXPLAIN

 

FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS

MRS. SOTOMAYOR

 

Supreme

Court

CAN

 

DECLARE LAWS UNCONSTITUTIONAL

 

CAN

 

DECLARE LAWS UNCONSTITUTIONAL

 

 

 

 

EXPLAIN

EXPLAIN

 MARBURY VS MADISON ESTABLISHED JUDICIAL REVIEW AND DECLARED THAT THE GOVERNMENT COULD ONLY ACT WITHIN THE LAW

EXPLAIN

 

BROWN VS BOARD OF EDUCATION MADE THE GOVERNMENT PROVIDE EQUAL EDUCATION THROUGH FORCED BUSSING

 

 

 

 

5.  Identify the differences between the Federalist and Anti-Federalist views.

FEDERALIST
ANTIFEDERALIST

 

WANTED STRONG NATIONAL (CENTRAL) GOVERNMENT IN ORDER TO ENSURE LAWS WERE CARRIED OUT THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY

 

 

WANTED WEAKER NATIONAL (CENTRAL) GOVERNMENT TO PROTECT THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE

 

FEARED DISORDERS SUCH AS SHAYS REBELLION IF STATES ENFORCED LAWS DIFFERENTLY

 

 

FEARED OPPRESSION BY THE EXECUTION BRANCH OVER THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE. THEY REMEMBERED HOW THE KING TREATED THEM

 

 

 

 

NO BILL OF RIGHTS. WHAT WERE GOING TO BE THE GUARANTEES OF INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY.

 

#6.  Discuss the ideas and people that shaped the Constitution

IDEAS
THINKERS

Natural Rights that could not be taken away and were described in the Declaration of Independence

Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights describes limits on the government authority and power over people

John Locke and limited government

Separation of Powers

Executive, Legislative, Judicial

Checks and balances

 

Montesquieu and the Spirit of Laws described separation of powers

British Parlimentary System described a representative form of government

British Legal System using the Rule of Law and Due Process

 Thomas Paine and the reason for independence

EXTRA CREDIT:  John Peter Zenger was the editor of a newspaper that printed a story that was true, but was damaging to a politician.  His case led to the principle of Freedom of the Press to print the truth and that the government can not censor the truth.