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7th Grade STAR Review



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following was a reason for the decline of Rome?
a.
efficient Germanic leaders
b.
the rise of Constantinople
c.
dishonest and corrupt Roman rulers
d.
the creation of the Byzantine Empire
 

 2. 

The religion of Islam was brought to Arabia through the teachings of
a.
Suleiman.
c.
Ibn Khaldun.
b.
Muhammad.
d.
Ibn Rushd.
 

 3. 

The first four caliphs after Muhammad
a.
were chosen by Muhammad.
b.
were not connected to Muhammad.
c.
tried to follow in Muhammad’s footsteps.
d.
tried to separate themselves from Muhammad’s teachings.
 

 4. 

In the 1500s, the Moguls created a Muslim empire in
a.
Persia.
c.
Turkey.
b.
India.
d.
Arabia.
 
 
nar001-1.jpg
 

 5. 

mc005-1.jpg Muhammad’s conquest in A.D. 632 took place
a.
as far as the Black Sea.
c.
in Spain.
b.
in Arabia.
d.
as far as the Mediterranean Sea.
 

 6. 

mc006-1.jpg What river marked the easternmost extent of Islamic expansion?
a.
Tigris
c.
Euphrates
b.
Nile
d.
Indus
 

 7. 

mc007-1.jpg What geographic feature most likely prevented the spread of Islam farther south at this time?
a.
the Sahara
c.
the Tigris River
b.
the Nile River
d.
the Mediterranean Sea
 

 8. 

Which dynasty reunited China in A.D. 581?
a.
Ming
c.
Han
b.
Sui
d.
Song
 

 9. 

What problem did the Song dynasty face in controlling its empire?
a.
The empire was too large.
c.
The economy was weak.
b.
They did not have a capital city.
d.
They did not have enough soldiers.
 

 10. 

The most popular item traded by Chinese merchants under the Tang was
a.
silk fabric.
c.
rice.
b.
wood.
d.
gold jewelry.
 

 11. 

The Mongols grew wealthy from trade by
a.
lowering the price of goods they traded.
b.
not taxing the goods they traded.
c.
limiting the products they traded.
d.
taxing the goods they traded.
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
 

 12. 

mc012-1.jpg By what year did Genghis Khan and his soldiers reach Samarkand?
a.
1220
c.
1218
b.
1219
d.
1215
 

 13. 

mc013-1.jpg What geographic feature might have prevented Genghis Khan from moving southward?
a.
the Yellow Sea
c.
the Himalaya
b.
the Huang He
d.
the Caspian Sea
 

 14. 

mc014-1.jpg How many miles did the Mongol Empire stretch from east to west?
a.
about 2,000 miles
c.
about 1,000 miles
b.
about 3,000 miles
d.
about 1,500 miles
 

 15. 

In West Africa, several civilizations developed along the
a.
Nile River.
c.
Atlantic Ocean.
b.
Niger River.
d.
Congo River.
 

 16. 

The ruler of Songhai, who helped build the largest empire in West Africa, was
a.
Queen Nzinga.
c.
Sundiata.
b.
Sunni Ali.
d.
King Mutota.
 

 17. 

Which African kingdom developed in the African savannas?
a.
Kongo
c.
Mali
b.
Zimbabwe
d.
Benin
 

 18. 

The basis of African society was
a.
the military.
c.
the merchants.
b.
the traders.
d.
the family.
 

 19. 

Why were griots important to West African schooling?
a.
They kept alive the village’s oral history.
b.
They taught the people how to read and write.
c.
They kept the Swahili language alive.
d.
They set up schools throughout West Africa.
 
 
nar003-1.jpg
 

 20. 

mc020-1.jpg What is the best title for this map?
a.
African Trade Routes
c.
The Kingdom of Mali
b.
Geography of North Africa
d.
The Sahara
 

 21. 

mc021-1.jpg Which of the following describes trade in Mali?
a.
Trade routes across the Sahara extended from Mali.
b.
Trade in Mali depended only on water routes along the Mediterranean Sea.
c.
Mali depended on trade routes south of the Sahara.
d.
Mali’s trade routes existed primarily on the Nile River.
 

 22. 

mc022-1.jpg In addition to trade, what else might have brought people to Mali?
a.
the bustling city of Adulis
c.
the Senegal River
b.
the peaks of the Atlas Mountains
d.
the center of learning in Timbuktu
 

 23. 

Why does Japan lack fertile farmland?
a.
The climate is too hot.
b.
Much of the country is covered by mountains.
c.
There is not enough precipitation.
d.
Much of the country is made up of rain forests.
 

 24. 

The Yamato prince who created a strong government in Japan was
a.
Shotoku.
c.
Yoritomo.
b.
Kammu.
d.
Ashikaga.
 

 25. 

The early Japanese beliefs developed into the religion of
a.
Islam.
c.
Confucianism.
b.
Shinto.
d.
Buddhism.
 

 26. 

Under the Ashikaga shoguns, Japan was divided into small territories, headed by powerful
a.
shoguns.
c.
princes.
b.
daimyos.
d.
samurai.
 

 27. 

Which of the following describes Zen Buddhism?
a.
It involved faith in Amida.
b.
It did not involve a simple way of life.
c.
It involved meditation.
d.
It did not involve combat sports
 

 28. 

Which group of people made up the largest group in European feudal society?
a.
peasants
c.
kings
b.
knights
d.
lords and ladies
 

 29. 

Which of the following principles was established by the Magna Carta?
a.
the king is above the law
b.
a person could be imprisoned indefinitely without a trial
c.
a government’s power should be limited
d.
a government’s power is unlimited
 

 30. 

Two kinds of vernacular literature that became popular in Europe during the Middle Ages were troubadour poetry and
a.
religious writings.
c.
philosophy.
b.
the heroic epic.
d.
novels.
 
 
CrusadeDatesLeadersPurposeResults
First Crusade1096-
1099
French noblesTo recapture Jerusalem from the Muslim TurksAfter a siege of almost two months, the crusaders captured Jerusalem and killed most of the city’s Muslims and Jews.
Second Crusade1147-
1149
King Louis VII, Emperor Conrad IIITo recapture land in Palestine lost to the Muslim TurksThe crusaders were defeated by the Muslim Turks.
Fourth Crusade1202-
1204
European knightsTo recapture JerusalemThe crusaders seized Constantinople and divided the city with the Venetians.
Children’s Crusade1212Stephen of CloyesTo recapture JerusalemMost children died or were enslaved going to Jerusalem.
 

 31. 

mc031-1.jpg Which crusade lasted from 1147-1149?
a.
First Crusade
c.
Third Crusade
b.
Second Crusade
d.
Fourth Crusade
 

 32. 

mc032-1.jpg What was the main purpose of the Crusades?
a.
to send children to help fight the Muslims
b.
to give jobs to European knights
c.
to recapture Jerusalem from the Muslims
d.
to seize Constantinople
 

 33. 

mc033-1.jpg Which crusade was the most successful for the Europeans?
a.
First Crusade
c.
Third Crusade
b.
Second Crusade
d.
Children’s Crusade
 

 34. 

Who made up the largest class in Aztec society?
a.
nobles
c.
unskilled laborers
b.
commoners
d.
enslaved people
 

 35. 

The Aztecs built an empire that was based on
a.
conquest.
c.
incorporating other cultures.
b.
farming.
d.
widespread trade.
 

 36. 

The Maya went into battle to gain
a.
honor.
c.
gold.
b.
captives.
d.
land.
 

 37. 

Which of the following describes Mayan rulers?
a.
They were considered to be gods.
b.
They were equal to the people they ruled.
c.
Only men were allowed to rule.
d.
Only women were allowed to rule.
 

 38. 

Whose stories about travels in China made many Europeans want to buy China’s goods?
a.
the Medici’s
c.
Francesco Petrarch’s
b.
Titian’s
d.
Marco Polo’s
 

 39. 

Which of the following describes the government of many Italian city-states?
a.
One powerful man ruled the government.
b.
People participated in a representative government.
c.
A king ruled each city-state.
d.
Powerful people shared power in each city-state’s government.
 
 
Renaissance FigureAchievement(s)
Lorenzo de MediciRuler of Florence; used wealth to support artists, architects, and writers
Leonardo da VinciA
Johannes GutenbergPrinting Press
Dante AligheriThe Divine Comedy
ChaucerThe Canterbury Tales
William ShakespeareB
Ralphael SanzioSchool of Athens
MichelangeloC
 

 40. 

mc040-1.jpg Which of the following achievements should be placed in letter A in the table?
a.
Titus Andronicus
c.
Moses
b.
Don Quixote de la Mancha
d.
the Mona Lisa
 

 41. 

mc041-1.jpg Which of the following could be placed in the letter B in the table?
a.
Romeo and Juliet
c.
Macbeth
b.
Much Ado About Nothing
d.
all of the above
 

 42. 

mc042-1.jpg Which of the following could be placed in the letter C in the table?
a.
Four Horseman of the Apocalypse
c.
The Last Supper
b.
David
d.
the Mona Lisa
 

 43. 

Martin Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church by
a.
writing the Bible in the vernacular.
b.
requesting an annulment of his marriage.
c.
challenging the pope’s authority.
d.
preaching the idea of predestination.
 

 44. 

In the 1500s, many Catholics were upset with the Church over the issue of
a.
writing the Bible in the vernacular.
b.
the expansion of humanism.
c.
selling indulgences.
d.
excommunications.
 

 45. 

What was the main idea of John Calvin’s teachings?
a.
God’s will decides everything in the world in advance.
b.
Kings should control the Church.
c.
People should perform good works to guarantee salvation.
d.
The pope’s authority should never be questioned.
 

 46. 

Why did Pope Paul III call the Council of Trent?
a.
to make the clergy supreme in all decisions
b.
to work on reforms for the Catholic Church
c.
to reconcile with the new Protestant denominations
d.
to bring an end to the religious wars in Europe
 

 47. 

How did many Catholic kingdoms spread the Catholic faith during the Counter-Reformation?
a.
They supported new religious orders.
b.
They prohibited the practice of Protestant religions.
c.
They set up meetings with Church leaders in Protestant kingdoms.
d.
They sent missionaries overseas.
 
 
Calvinism
Catholicism
Christ’s sacrifice forgives all sins; one must only believe in it to be saved.Faith and good works (giving to the poor, for example) are both necessary for salvation.
God is available to all people; no earthly ‘go-between’ priests are needed. Teachers and pastors are important, but have no special duties.The Catholic priesthood is essential; only priests can perform the sacraments.
The Bible is the only source of God’s word--all Christians should study and understand the Bible. The Bible should be translated into everyday language that people can understand, and should be available to everyone.The Bible is only one source of Church teaching; letters from the Pope and tradition are other sources.
Heavenly “go-betweens” are not needed to talk with God. Christians should not pray to them. The use of statues and images encourages worship of them.Although the saints and angels are not worshiped, their aid is valuable and necessary for achieving salvation. Statues and images help inspire devotion.
God’s is absolute, and he has decided everything in advance. Human action cannot change this.God does not restrict human will. People are still responsible for earning their own salvation.
 

 48. 

mc048-1.jpg Which of the following is an idea that both Calvinists and Catholics agreed on?
a.
Faith and good works are needed for salvation.
b.
Priests are necessary.
c.
People are responsible for their own salvation.
d.
The Bible is a source of God’s teachings.
 

 49. 

mc049-1.jpg What does Calvinism believe about the role of human will?
a.
God does not restrict human will.
b.
People change God’s will, which decides everything in advance.
c.
People are the only ones responsible for their salvation.
d.
People can change God’s will.
 

 50. 

Which Christian thinker tried to show that Christianity and reason could go together?
a.
Galileo Galilei
c.
Isaac Newton
b.
Nicolaus Copernicus
d.
Thomas Aquinas
 

 51. 

The mathematician who developed the theory of the sun-centered universe was
a.
Isaac Newton.
c.
Johannes Kepler.
b.
Nicolaus Copernicus.
d.
Galileo Galilei.
 

 52. 

The first step in the scientific method is to
a.
observe.
c.
repeat the experiment.
b.
experiment.
d.
find a hypothesis.
 

 53. 

What was Isaac Newton’s most significant theory about the motion of objects?
a.
the scientific method
b.
that the earth is the center of the universe
c.
that substances are made up of basic elements
d.
the universal law of gravitation
 

 54. 

What contribution did Antoine Lavoisier make to the field of chemistry?
a.
that all substances are made up of basic elements
b.
the discovery of hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and oxygen
c.
that materials need oxygen to burn
d.
the discovery of cells
 
 
ScientistNationDiscoveries
Nicolaus Copernicus
(14731543)
PolandEarth orbits the Sun
Earth spins on its axis
Galileo Galilei
(15641642)
Italyother planets have moons
William Harvey
(15781657)
Englandheart pumps blood
Robert Hooke
(16351703)
Englandcells
Robert Boyle
(16271691)
Irelandair is made of gases
Isaac Newton
(16421727)
Englandgravity; laws of motion,
calculus
Antoine Lavoisier
(17431794)
Francehow materials burn
 

 55. 

mc055-1.jpg Which statement describes the Scientific Revolution?
a.
The Scientific Revolution involved many European nations.
b.
The Scientific Revolution mainly involved the nations near the Atlantic Ocean.
c.
The Scientific Revolution was focused in Italy.
d.
The Scientific Revolution mainly involved discoveries in astronomy.
 

 56. 

mc056-1.jpg Whose discovery led to the idea that air is made of gases?
a.
Robert Hooke
c.
William Harvey
b.
Robert Boyle
d.
Isaac Newton
 

 57. 

mc057-1.jpg Who discovered that planets other than Earth have moons?
a.
Isaac Newton
c.
Galileo Galilei
b.
Nicolaus Copernicus
d.
Antoine Lavoisier
 

 58. 

Whose book about cartography was influential in encouraging exploration?
a.
Prince Henry’s
c.
Ferdinand Magellan’s
b.
Claudius Ptolemy’s
d.
Christopher Columbus’s
 

 59. 

In a cottage industry, who made the goods that were to be sold long distances?
a.
peasants
c.
merchants
b.
entrepreneurs
d.
mercantilists
 

 60. 

Which product, brought to North America from Europe in the Columbian Exchange, changed the lives of Native Americans on the Great Plains?
a.
corn
c.
sheep
b.
horses
d.
bananas
 

 61. 

Which explorer is credited with the first circumnavigation of the world?
a.
Bartolomeu Dias
c.
Ferdinand Magellan
b.
Vasco da Gama
d.
Christopher Columbus
 

 62. 

Which English document was an influence on the ideas in the Declaration of Independence?
a.
the Stamp Act
c.
the Leviathan
b.
the Mayflower Compact.
d.
the Magna Carta
 
 
nar008-1.jpg
 

 63. 

mc063-1.jpg In what situation did John Locke believe people had the right to rebel against their government?
a.
when people do not like the laws of their government
b.
when the government takes away people’s rights
c.
There are no such situations.
d.
when the head of the government is not a monarch
 

 64. 

mc064-1.jpg Which political ideas did Thomas Hobbes and John Locke have in common?
a.
They believed government should control the people.
b.
They believed the purpose of government is to protect people’s rights.
c.
They did not believe in the divine right of kings.
d.
They believed that all people have certain natural rights.
 

 65. 

mc065-1.jpg Why did Hobbes believe that the purpose of government was to control people?
a.
because he believed that people were too selfish and violent to govern themselves
b.
because he believed that people had certain natural rights that needed to be protected
c.
because he believed that government was based on social contract
d.
because he believed that monarchy was the best form of government
 



 
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