Name: 
 

Chapter Two Section Three & Four Study Guide



Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Boston Tea Party
f.
indentured servants
b.
Pennsylvania
g.
Mayflower Compact
c.
Samuel de Champlain
h.
Lexington
d.
Battle of Saratoga
i.
Thomas Paine
e.
the Stamp Act
j.
Benjamin Franklin
 

 1. 

called for complete separation from Britain
 

 2. 

led to the passage of the Coercive Acts in 1774
 

 3. 

passed by the British in an effort to raise money
 

 4. 

famous American inventor
 

 5. 

site of a colony founded by the Quakers
 

 6. 

convinced French to provide aid to the Americans
 

 7. 

set up a civil government in Plymouth
 

 8. 

worked to pay for their passage to America
 

 9. 

a French explorer who set up the trading post of Quebec
 

 10. 

“shot heard ‘round the world” was fired here
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
John Winthrop
f.
slave codes
b.
Treaty of Paris
g.
Roanoke
c.
militia
h.
Declaration of Independence
d.
Boston Massacre
i.
subsistence farmers
e.
proprietary colony
j.
Olive Branch Petition
 

 11. 

strict laws governing the behavior and punishment of enslaved Africans
 

 12. 

they produced just enough to feed their families
 

 13. 

group of citizen soldiers
 

 14. 

asked King George III to protect the colonists’ rights
 

 15. 

led the group of Puritans who set up the colony of Massachusetts
 

 16. 

killed five colonists on March 5, 1770
 

 17. 

recognized the United States as an independent nation
 

 18. 

owned by an individual or a small group of people
 

 19. 

site of the “Lost Colony”
 

 20. 

approved by Continental Congress on July 4, 1776
 

Short Answer
 
 
“. . . Some [men] aim at gain, some at glory, some at the public weal. The greater number are engaged in trade, and especially that which is transacted on the sea. . . . This is what raised ancient Rome to the sovereignty and mastery over the entire world, and the Venetians to a grandeur equal to that of powerful kings. . . . For this reason, many princes have striven to find a northerly route to China, . . . in the belief that this route would be shorter and less dangerous.”
–Samuel de Champlain, Voyages, 1603
 

 21. 

sa021-1.jpgAccording to this excerpt from Champlain’s writings, why have explorers sought a northern route to China?
 

 22. 

sa022-1.jpgAccording to the chart, which of the Southern Colonies were founded for religious freedom?

Founding the Thirteen Colonies

Colony
1st Permanent
Settlement

Reasons Founded

Founders or Leaders
New England Colonies   
Massachusetts   
Plymouth
1620
Religious freedomJohn Carver William Bradford,
Mass. Bay Colony
1630
Religious freedomJohn Winthrop
New Hampshire
C. 1630
Profit from trade and fishingFerdinando Gorges, John Mason
Rhode Island
1636
Religious freedomRoger Williams
Connecticut
1635
Profit from fur trade, farming; religious and political freedomThomas Hooker
Middle Colonies   
New York
1624
Expand tradeDutch settlers
Delaware
1638
Expand tradeSwedish settlers
New Jersey
1638
Profit from selling landJohn Berkeley, George Carteret
Pennsylvania
1682
Profit from selling land; religious freedomWilliam Penn
Southern Colonies   
Virginia
1607
Expand tradeJohn Smith
Maryland
1634
To sell land; religious freedomCecil Calvert
North Carolina
C. 1660’s
Profit from trade and selling landGroup of eight aristocrats
South Carolina
1670
Profit from trade and selling landGroup of eight aristocrats
Georgia
1735
Religious freedom; protection against Spanish Florida; safe home for debtorsJames Oglethorpe
 
 
“Viewed and considered as a settlement, Virginia is far from being arrived at that degree of perfection which it is capable of. Not a tenth of the land is yet cultivated: and that which is cultivated, is far from being so in the most advantageous manner. It produces, however, considerable quantities of grain and cattle, and fruit of many kinds. The Virginian pork is said to be superior in flavour to any in the world, but the sheep and horned cattle being small and lean, the meat of them is inferior to that of Great Britain, or indeed, of most parts of Europe. The horses are fleet and beautiful; and the gentlemen of Virginia, who are exceedingly fond of horse-racing, have spared no expense or trouble to improve the breed. . . .”
–Andrew Burnaby, 1759
 

 23. 

sa023-1.jpgWhat is this young English traveler’s opinion of what he finds in Virginia?
 

 24. 

sa024-1.jpg
African Slave Trade
1450-1870
Destination
Total
British America/United States
427,000
Mexico and Central America
224,000
West Indies
4,040,000
Spanish South America
522,000
Guianas
531,000
Brazil
3,647,000
Europe
175,000

sa024-2.jpgFrom the information provided with the map of the Triangular Trade Routes, state the location that received the most slaves in the period 1450–1870.
 
 
 
Signers of the Declaration of Independence
State
Signers
New HampshireJosiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton
MassachusettsJohn Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry
Rhode IslandStephen Hopkins, William Ellery
ConnecticutRoger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott
New YorkWilliam Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris
New JerseyRichard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark
PennsylvaniaRobert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross
DelawareCaesar Rodney, George Reed, Thomas McKeen
MarylandSamuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll
VirginiaGeorge Wythe; Richard Henry Lee; Thomas Jefferson; Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr.; Francis Lightfoot Lee; Carter Braxton
North CarolinaWilliam Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn
South CarolinaEdward Rutledge; Thomas Heyward, Jr.; Thomas Lynch, Jr.; Arthur Middleton
GeorgiaButton Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton
 

 25. 

sa025-1.jpgHow many signers were there from Massachusetts?
 

 26. 

sa026-1.jpgWhich state had the least number of signers?
 

 27. 

sa027-1.jpgHow many signers were from Virginia?
 

 28. 

sa028-1.jpgHow many signers were there from the Carolinas?
 

 29. 

sa029-1.jpgWhich state had the most signers?
 

 30. 

sa030-1.jpgWho do you think is the most important name on this list? Why?
 

Essay
 

 31. 

What was the Great Awakening? What were its most important effects?
 

 32. 

Describe two ideas about government that colonists brought with them from England.
 



 
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