Name: 
 

Study Guide Chapter Five



Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Treaty of Greenville
f.
implied powers
b.
Alien and Sedition Acts
g.
John Jay
c.
Pinckney’s Treaty
h.
national debt
d.
Thomas Jefferson
i.
John Adams
e.
George Washington
j.
tariff
 

 1. 

issued a Proclamation of Neutrality in 1793
 

 2. 

first chief justice of the Supreme Court
 

 3. 

a Federalist who served as second president of the United States
 

 4. 

gave Americans the rights to use the Mississippi River and trade in New Orleans
 

 5. 

Native Americans surrendered most of their lands in present-day Ohio
 

 6. 

tax on imported manufactured goods
 

 7. 

grew during Washington’s presidency
 

 8. 

group of laws that discouraged immigration and strengthened the Republican party
 

 9. 

powers suggested but not directly stated in the Constitution
 

 10. 

first secretary of state of the United States
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Bank of the United States
f.
Federalist
b.
Democratic-Republicans
g.
Whiskey Rebellion
c.
impressment
h.
Alexander Hamilton
d.
XYZ affair
i.
caucuses
e.
George Washington
j.
partisan
 

 11. 

held by political parties to choose candidates for office
 

 12. 

a mob attacked tax collectors and burned down buildings
 

 13. 

Jefferson and Madison believed its creation was unconstitutional
 

 14. 

favoring one side of an issue
 

 15. 

first president of the United States under the Constitution
 

 16. 

disagreed with the economic policies of Hamilton
 

 17. 

forced American sailors to serve in the British navy
 

 18. 

crisis in U.S. foreign relations with France
 

 19. 

first secretary of the treasury
 

 20. 

someone who supported the policies of the Washington administration
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 21. 

George Washington rejected John Adams’s advice that he be called “His Highness” most probably because
a.
he did not want to be president.
b.
he believed in a strong central government.
c.
he supported the Constitution.
d.
Americans distrusted monarchs.
 

 22. 

Who did George Washington appoint to head the War Department?
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
Henry Knox
b.
Alexander Hamilton
d.
Edmund Randolph
 

 23. 

During the Revolutionary War, the nation had
a.
drafted the Constitution.
c.
established a national bank.
b.
run up a large national debt.
d.
issued currency with little value.
 

 24. 

Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
a.
to protect individual rights
b.
because people feared a strong central government
c.
to satisfy a condition of ratification
d.
all of the above
 

 25. 

As a result of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
a.
Native Americans surrendered most of their land in present-day Ohio.
b.
600 American soldiers died.
c.
Native Americans kept their land in the Northwest Territory.
d.
the United States declared war on France.
 

 26. 

What was the primary reason Britain and Spain supported Native American resistance movements?
a.
They believed the Native Americans had a right to keep their land.
b.
They were at war with the United States.
c.
They did not want the United States to acquire new territory.
d.
They wanted to try to avoid bloodshed.
 

 27. 

Political parties emerged by 1796 even though the
a.
Constitution outlawed them.
c.
Congress had outlawed them.
b.
president opposed them.
d.
all of the above
 

 28. 

What publication attacked Federalist policies?
a.
the National Enquirer
c.
the National Gazette
b.
the New York Times
d.
the Washington Daily
 

 29. 

The Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans disagreed on
a.
slavery.
b.
whether ordinary people could be trusted in government.
c.
indentured servitude.
d.
whether the American people should be taxed.
 

 30. 

Who was vice president under John Adams?
a.
Charles Pinckney
c.
James Madison
b.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
James Monroe
 
 
nar001-1.jpg
 

 31. 

mc031-1.jpg Which leader favored a strong federal government and a national bank?
a.
Alexander Hamilton
c.
both leaders
b.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
neither leader
 

 32. 

mc032-1.jpg Which leader would American business owners favor?
a.
Alexander Hamilton
c.
either leader
b.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
neither leader
 

 33. 

mc033-1.jpg Democratic-Republican policies appealed to
a.
people in the Northeast.
c.
small farmers.
b.
plantation owners.
d.
women.
 
 
Where today are the Pequots? Where the Narragansetts, the Mohawks, the Pocanets and many other once powerful tribes of our people? They have vanished before the avarice [greed] and oppression of the white man, as snow before a summer sun.
Burn their dwellings. Destroy their stock. The red people own the country. . . . War now. War forever. War upon the living. War upon the dead; dig up their corpses from the grave; our country must give no rest to a white man’s bones.
—Tecumseh, a Shawnee
 

 34. 

mc034-1.jpg Why had the Pequots, Narragansetts, Mohawks, and Pocanets disappeared?
a.
They moved west.
b.
White people destroyed the nations.
c.
They fought with one another.
d.
They died from disease and famine.
 

 35. 

mc035-1.jpg Tecumseh most probably ____ the Treaty of Greenville.
a.
vigorously opposed
c.
welcomed
b.
accepted the money provided by
d.
had no opinion about
 

 36. 

mc036-1.jpg Tecumseh’s ideas were probably similar to the ideas of
a.
General Arthur St. Clair.
c.
the Shawnee chief Blue Jacket.
b.
the Spanish.
d.
John Jay.
 

 37. 

Who did George Washington appoint as attorney general?
a.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
Henry Knox
b.
Alexander Hamilton
d.
Edmund Randolph
 

 38. 

The Constitution did not detail how the ____ branch of the government should be set up.
a.
executive
c.
judicial
b.
legislative
d.
all of the above
 

 39. 

Hamilton hoped paying the national debt would
a.
stop rebellions of U.S. citizens.
b.
ensure the allegiance of the states to the federal government.
c.
eliminate the need for slave labor.
d.
decrease the new nation’s credit worthiness.
 

 40. 

Who led the opposition to Alexander Hamilton’s economic program?
a.
James Madison
c.
John Adams
b.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
both A and B
 

 41. 

Why did Western farmers distill their grain into whiskey?
a.
They were heavy drinkers.
b.
Whiskey was worth more than grain.
c.
There was an oversupply of grain.
d.
It was considered a potent medicine.
 

 42. 

How many terms did George Washington serve as president?
a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

 43. 

The Bill of Rights protected people who
a.
founded the Federalist Party.
b.
founded the Democratic-Republicans.
c.
attacked Washington in the press.
d.
engaged in the slave trade.
 

 44. 

Who believed the federal government had implied powers?
a.
Democratic-Republicans
c.
Democrats
b.
Federalists
d.
Whigs
 

 45. 

What helped Thomas Jefferson win the election of 1800?
a.
the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts
b.
the prosecution of members of press for criticizing the government
c.
the refusal of Adams to go to war for political gain
d.
all of the above
 
 
nar003-1.jpg
 

 46. 

mc046-1.jpg Where did both generals begin their march to fight Native Americans?
a.
Fort Defiance
c.
Fort Recovery
b.
Fort Washington
d.
Fort Miami
 

 47. 

mc047-1.jpg What happened at the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
a.
St. Clair was defeated.
c.
Little Turtle was defeated.
b.
The Miami were defeated.
d.
The Shawnee were defeated.
 

 48. 

mc048-1.jpg Why did Native Americans fight at the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
a.
They believed the land in the Northwest Territory was theirs.
b.
The Spanish paid them to fight.
c.
They wanted to drive Europeans out of North America.
d.
All of the above
 
 
Besides [the] advantage of occasional employment to classes having different occupations, there is . . . the employment of persons who would otherwise be idle (and in many cases a burthen [burden] on the community). . . . It is worthy of particular remark, that, in general, women and Children are rendered more useful and the latter more early useful by manufacturing establishments, than they would otherwise be. Of the number of persons employed in the Cotton Manufactories of Great Britain, it is computed that 4/7 nearly are women and children; of whom the greatest proportion are children and many of them of a very tender age.
—Alexander Hamilton, “Report on Manufactures,” 1791
 

 49. 

mc049-1.jpg Hamilton thought manufacturing plants would be excellent for the economy in part because
a.
men could work full-time in them.
b.
they produced luxury goods.
c.
women and children could work in them.
d.
their profits would pay off war loans.
 

 50. 

mc050-1.jpg What policies did Hamilton enact to support manufacturing?
a.
a low tariff
c.
a protective tariff
b.
a tax on whiskey
d.
all of the above
 

 51. 

mc051-1.jpg Hamilton thought that women and children would
a.
enjoy working in factories.
b.
be more useful if they earned money.
c.
destroy their health if they worked.
d.
help pay off the national debt.
 
 
“. . .[A]n assumption of the debts of the particular States by the Union, and a like provision for them as for those of the Union, will be a measure of sound policy and substantial justice.
“It would, in the opinion of the Secretary, contribute, in an eminent degree, to an orderly, stable, and satisfactory arrangement of the national finances. . . . [N]o greater revenues will be required whether that provision be made wholly by the United States, or partly by them and partly by the States separately. . . .
“If all the public creditors receive their dues from one source, distributed with an equal hand, their interest will be the same. And, having the same interests, they will unite in the support of the fiscal arrangements of the Government . . . These circumstances combined will insure to the revenue laws a more ready and more satisfactory execution. . . .”
–Alexander Hamilton, ”Report on the Public Credit,” January 1790
 

 52. 

mc052-1.jpgIn this excerpt, Alexander Hamilton argues that the new United States government should _____.
a.
refuse to pay debts from the Revolutionary War
b.
only pay  off Confederation debts to individual citizens
c.
pay off the state governments’ debts
d.
only pay off Confederation government debts to foreign countries
 
 
“ . . . Persuaded, as the Secretary is, that the proper funding of the present debt will render it a national blessing, yet he is so far from acceding to [agreeing with] the position, in the latitude in which it is sometimes laid down, that ‘public debts are public benefits’—a position inviting to prodigality [extravagance] and liable to dangerous abuse—that he ardently wishes to see it incorporated as a fundamental maxim in the system of public credit of the United States, that the creation of debt should always be accompanied with the means of extinguishment.”
 

 53. 

mc053-1.jpgIn this excerpt from his report in 1790, Alexander Hamilton, the U.S. secretary of the treasury, feels strongly that the national debt _____.
a.
is not a problem with which the nation needs to concern itself
b.
is a good thing because it provides public benefits and stimulates business
c.
should not be undertaken without providing for sources of its repayment
d.
should be canceled if the nation is to keep a strong financial reputation
 
 
“During the whole discussion of the federal constitution by the convention of Virginia, [we] were taught to believe ‘That every power not granted was retained,’ under this impression and upon this positive condition, declared in the instrument of ratification, the said government was adopted by the people of this Commonwealth; but [we] can find no clause in the constitution authorizing Congress to assume the debts of the states! As the guardians then of the rights and interests of their constituents, as sentinels placed by them over the ministers of the federal government, to shield it from their encroachments, or at least to sound the alarm when it is threatened with invasion, they can never reconcile it to their consciences . . . .”
–Patrick Henry, “Virginia Resolutions on State Debt”
 

 54. 

mc054-1.jpgIn this passage, Henry says that the assuming by Congress of states’ debts from the Revolutionary War _____.
a.
is a generous gesture by the United States
b.
will improve United States standing in the world
c.
will  help citizens recover from the war
d.
violates the states’ constitutional rights
 
 
“The support of government—the support of troops for the common defense—the payment of the public debt, are the true final causes for raising money. The disposition and regulation of it, when raised, are the steps by which it is applied to the ends for which it was raised, . . . Hence, therefore, the money to be raised by taxes, as well as any other personal property, must be supposed to come within the meaning, as they certainly do within the letter, of authority to make all needful rules and regulations concerning the property of the United States. . . .
“. . . [A national] bank has a natural relation to the power of collecting taxes—to that of regulating trade—to that of providing for the common defense—and that, as the bill under consideration contemplates the government in the light of a joint proprietor of the stock of the bank it brings the case within the provision of the clause of the Constitution which immediately respects the property of the United States. . . .”
–“On the Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States”
 

 55. 

mc055-1.jpgAlexander Hamilton argues in this excerpt that creating a national bank _____ the Constitution.
a.
is not supported by
c.
is stated in
b.
falls within the intent of
d.
violates the intent of
 
 
“. . . This spirit [of party conflict], unfortunately, is inseparable from our nature, having its root in the strongest passions of the human mind. It exists under different shapes in all governments, more or less stifled, controlled, or repressed; but in those of the popular form it is seen in its greatest rankness and is truly their worst enemy.
“The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism. . . . The disorders and miseries which result gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual, and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction, . . .turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation on the ruins of public liberty.”
–“Farewell Address,” September 1796
 

 56. 

mc056-1.jpgIn this passage, George Washington warns that conflicts between political parties can lead to _____.
a.
civil war
c.
the best leadership
b.
absolute power by an individual
d.
more personal freedom
 
 
“Section. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States at any time during the continuance of this act, to order all such aliens as he shall judge dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States, or shall have reasonable grounds to suspect are concerned in any treasonable or secret machinations against the government thereof, to depart out of the territory of the United States, within such time as shall be expressed in such order, . . . And in case any alien, so ordered to depart, shall be found at large within the United States after the time limited in such order for his departure, and not having obtained a license from the President to reside therein, or having obtained such license shall not have conformed thereto, every such alien shall, on conviction thereof, be imprisoned for a term not exceeding three years, and shall never after be admitted to become a citizen of the United States.”
 

 57. 

mc057-1.jpgWhat was one effect of Alien Act passed by the Federalist-controlled Congress in 1798?
a.
It drew greater popular support to the policies of the Federalist party.
b.
It increased immigration and gained the gratitude of foreigners already in the U.S.
c.
It discouraged immigration and some foreigners already in the U.S. left the country.
d.
It encouraged greater state support for laws made by the federal government.
 
 
“SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall write, print, utter or publish, or shall cause or procure to be written, printed, uttered or published, or shall knowingly and willingly assist or aid in writing, printing, uttering or publishing any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United States, or either house of the Congress of the United States, or the President of the United States, with intent to defame . . . or to bring them. . . into contempt or disrepute; or to excite against them, . . . the hatred of the good people of the United States, . . . or to aid, encourage or abet any hostile designs of any foreign nation against the United States, their people or government, then such person, being thereof convicted before any court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment not exceeding two years.”
–from the Sedition Act, July 14, 1798
 

 58. 

mc058-1.jpgThe threat of war with _____ made Americans suspicious of noncitizens and encouraged the passage of the Sedition Act, excerpted here, which contradicted the _____ Amendment to the Constitution?
a.
France, Sixth
c.
Russia, Third
b.
Mexico, Fifth
d.
France, First
 

 59. 

mc059-1.jpg
mc059-2.jpgWhich choice would be the best title for the causes and effects chart above?
a.
Causes and Effects of Indian Campaigns
b.
Causes and Effects of French-American Alliance in 1778
c.
Causes and Effects of Political Parties
d.
Causes and Effects of Revolutionary War
 

 60. 

mc060-1.jpgStudy the chart, and select the type of person who would probably not have been a member of the Federalist party.

Differences Between the First Political Parties
Federalists
Democratic-Republicans
Leader:  Alexander HamiltonLeader:  Thomas Jefferson
Favored:Favored:
Rule by the wealthy classRule by people
Strong federal governmentStrong state governments
Emphasis on manufacturingEmphasis on agriculture
Loose interpretation of the ConstitutionStrict interpretation of the Constitution
British allianceFrench alliance
National bankState banks
Protective tariffsFree trade
a.
farmer
c.
factory owner
b.
banker
d.
business owner
 

 61. 

mc061-1.jpg
mc061-2.jpgBased on the flowchart, which of the following events was not a cause of the United States strengthening its military forces?
a.
French seizing American ships
b.
President Adams sends negotiators to France
c.
French agents demand loan and bribe
d.
United States and France engage in undeclared war
 
 
Naturalization Act
Required that aliens be residents for 14 years instead of 5 years before they became eligible for U.S. citizenship.
Alien Acts
Allowed the president to imprison aliens, or send those he considered dangerous out of the country.
Sedition Act
Made it a crime to speak, write, or publish “false, scandalous, and malicious” criticisms of the government.
 

 62. 

mc062-1.jpg  Which act(s) refers to activities aimed at weakening established government?
a.
Naturalization Act
c.
Sedition Act
b.
Alien Acts
d.
both a and c
 

 63. 

mc063-1.jpg This act(s) discouraged immigration and led some foreigners already in the country to leave.
a.
Naturalization Act
c.
Sedition Act
b.
Alien Acts
d.
both a and c
 

 64. 

mc064-1.jpg Which act(s) offended new immigrants and drove them to the support of the Republicans?
a.
Naturalization Act
c.
Sedition Act
b.
Alien Acts
d.
both a and b
 

 65. 

mc065-1.jpg Ten Republicans were jailed under this act(s) and were hailed as heroes in the cause of freedom of the press.
a.
Naturalization Act
c.
Sedition Act
b.
Alien Acts
d.
both a and c
 
 
Leader:      Thomas Jefferson

Favored:      •  Rule by the People
            •  Strong state government
            •  Emphasis on agriculture
            •  Strict interpretation of the Constitution
            •  French alliance
            •  State banks
            •  Free trade


     
 

 66. 

mc066-1.jpg  Which political institution of the late 1700s does the above chart describe?
a.
the Federalist Party
c.
the Hartford Convention
b.
the British House of Parliament
d.
the Democratic-Republican Party
 
 
“The people are turbulent [disorderly] and changing....They seldom judge or determine right.”
                         —Alexander Hamilton,
                             Speech on the Constitutional Convention
 

 67. 

mc067-1.jpg In the excerpt above, Federalists, such as Alexander Hamilton, thought that public office should be held by _______ and _______ men.
a.
wealthy, powerful
c.
poor, ordinary
b.
weak, humble
d.
honest, educated
 

Short Answer
 
 
“ . . . To the efficacy and permanency of your union a government for the whole is indispensable. No alliances, however strict, between the parts can be an adequate substitute. They must inevitably experience the infractions and interruptions which all alliances in all times have experienced. Sensible of this momentous truth, you have improved upon your first essay by the adoption of a Constitution of Government better calculated than your former for an intimate union and for the efficacious management of your common concerns. This Government, the offspring of our own choice, uninfluenced and unawed, adopted upon full investigation and mature deliberation, completely free in its principles, in the distribution of its powers, uniting security with energy, and containing within itself a provision for its own amendment, has a just claim to your confidence and your support.  . . .”
–George Washington,  September 1790
 

 68. 

sa068-1.jpgTo what does Washington refer when he says “you have improved on your first essay” in this excerpt from his “Farewell  Address”?
 
 
“I am embarking...on this voyage, but what returns will be made for them [Americans], Heaven alone can foretell. Integrity and firmness is all I can promise; these, be the voyage long or short, never shall forsake me although I may be deserted by all men.”
          —President George Washington,
              Letter to Henry Knox, April 1789
 

 69. 

sa069-1.jpg  What does President Washington promise to the American people in this excerpt above?
 

 70. 

sa070-1.jpg  According to the letter, what were some of Washington’s concerns about becoming president?           
 
 
“I am not among those who fear the people. They, and not the rich, are our dependence [what we depend on] for continued freedom.”
          —Letter to Samuel Kercheval
 

 71. 

sa071-1.jpg  According to the except above, what was Republican Thomas Jefferson’s opinion about “the people”?     
 
 


FIRST CONGRESS
Department of StateDepartment of the TreasuryDepartment of War
 

 72. 

sa072-1.jpg  What was the purpose of each of the three executive departments that Congress established in 1789?

     
 

Essay
 

 73. 

What were the arguments for and against protective tariffs?
 

 74. 

What did the Federalists believe in? Where did the party get its main support?
 



 
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