SCIENTIFIC METHOD STUDY
WHAT IS CIVILIZATION?

Design an ALGORITHM (a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations) to determine ONE of the following:

ALPHA: Determine a "successful" civilization.

BRAVO: Determine when a civilization will "fail"

Your ALGORITHM will describe an EXPERIMENT using the Scientific Method to determine either ALPHA or BRAVO

Scientific Method:

o 1. Observe Civilizations (Geography, Politics, Economy, Religion, Social Structure).

o 2. Invent a tentative description, called a hypothesis, that is consistent with what you have observed.

A Civilization is successful when:__________

or

B. A Civilization will fail when:___________

o 3. Use the hypothesis to make predictions. Choose at least three Civilizations existing before 1763 A.D. One chosen at random, one assigned by the teacher, and Rome from 756BC to 1453AD.

o 4. Test those predictions by using your observations of those Civilizations

o 5. Modify the hypothesis in the light of your observation.

Elements of a Civilization.

For each of the topics below, identify 2-3 questions that describe what you are looking for in any civilization you study.

Geography

" Seasons

" Climate

" Atmosphere

" Soil

" Landforms

" Waterways.

Politics

" Competition between competing interest groups or individuals for power and leadership

" Guiding or influencing governmental policy

" Winning and holding control over a government

Economy

" Distribution or trade, and consumption of limited goods and services by different agents in a given geographical location.

" The economic agents can be individuals, businesses, organizations, or governments.

" Transactions occur when two parties agree to the value or price of the transacted good or service

" Commonly currency. A generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper notes, which is issued by a government and circulated within an economy. Used as a medium of exchange for goods and services, currency is the basis for trade

Religion.

" A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.

" Many religions have narratives, symbols, and sacred histories that aim to explain the meaning of life and/or to explain the origin of life or the Universe.

Social Structure

" Social structure is the organized pattern of social relationships and social institutions that together compose society. Social structures are not immediately visible to the untrained observer, however they are present and affect all dimensions of human experience in society.

" Social class is one example of social structure. Social class shapes the access that different groups have to the resources of society and it shapes many interactions that people have with each other. As a social structure, it guides and shapes human behavior at all levels, no matter how overtly visible or invisible it is at any given time.

Elements of a Civilization.

For each of the topics below, identify 2-3 questions that describe what you are looking for in any civilization you study.

 

Geography

 

Politics

 

Economy

 

Religion.

 

Social Structure

 

Mr. James P. Realini
(408) 522-8288 EXT 509
James.Realini@sesd.org